The strange situation as a measure of attachment type essay examples - the strange situation, in which infants are exposed to eight different episodes involving the mother and/or a stranger, is widely used to test attachments, although there are many different views regarding its validity and reliability. Mary ainsworth's research work on attachment helps us to understand the child development better today, the technique of ainsworth's strange situation is commonly used in psychiatry and psychology to examine the attachment pattern between mother and a child. Ainsworth et al (1978) carried out a meta-analysis of the findings of 106 strange situation studies on middle-class children and found almost total support for ainsworth & bell's original study everett waters (1978) reported that, in one study, only 2 out of 50 infants, changed their attachment type between 12 and 18 months.
Ainsworth strange situation studies the strange situation procedure, developed by american psychologist mary ainsworth, is widely used in child development research much research in psychology has focused on how forms of attachment differ between infants. In 1969, american psychologist mary ainsworth gave developmental psychology a new procedure for studying attachment in infants she called it the strange situation classification, and it is widely. Outline mary ainsworth's 'strange situation' study and discuss how this has influenced our understanding of the importance of a child's attachment to the primary caregiver in 1970 mary ainsworth expanded greatly upon bowblys original work and devised an experiment called the strange situation. The american-canadian psychologist mary ainsworth (1913-1999) developed the strange situation procedure (ssp) to measure mother-child attachment and attachment theorists have used it ever since.
Ainsworth added to this theory and developed the strange situation, which divided attachment up into three categories: secure, avoidant, and resistant a shortcoming in this paper was the insufficient evidence provided by the author. Mary ainsworth's pioneering work has changed conceptions of infant-mother relationships, and by extension, conceptions of human relationships more generally as john bowlby's major collaborator in the development. The strange situation is a procedure devised by mary ainsworth in the 1970s to observe attachment relationships between a caregiver and child it applies to children between the age of nine and 18 months. Ainsworth's strange situation (1970) used structured observational research to assess & measure the quality of attachment it has 8 pre-determined stages ainsworth's strange situation (1970) used structured observational research to assess & measure the quality of attachment. Mary ainsworth's strange situation a basic overview of the strengths (advantages) and weaknesses (disadvantages) of mary ainsworth's 'strange situation study on attachment types criticism is appreciated.
The strange situation was created and tested in the usa, which means that it may be culturally biased (ethnocentric), as it will reflect the norms and values of american culture for example, the belief that attachment is related to anxiety on separation. Antecedents of the strange situation were from kagan (1987) and belsky and rovine (1984) kagan (1987) argued that the strange situation measures individual differences in infant's temperament rather than the quality of the attachment kagan (1987) classifies three behaviour types that correspond with ainsworth's attachment types. Mary ainsworth's (1971, 1978) observational study of individual differences in attachment is described below strange situation procedure the security of attachment in one- to two-year-olds were investigated using the strange situation paradigm, in order to determine the nature of attachment behaviors and styles of attachment.
Mary ainsworth: attachment theory john bowlby was the original founder of attachment theory this began after world war ii where he found many children became orphans at a very young age and concluded that attachment was crucial for development (miler, 2011. The biggest flaw of ainsworth's strange situation is the fact that it may not measure the attachment type of the infant but rather the quality of the relationship between the infant and caregiver a study conducted by main and weston concluded that infants behave differently depending on which parent they are with. Mary ainsworth, a psychologist, and her colleagues developed an experiment, known as the strange situation, in order to explore and identify attachment types among infants and young children.
Analysis of ainsworth´s strange situation 773 words jun 25th, 2018 4 pages ainsworth's study strange situation showed that bonding between mother and infant has an effect on the infant's behavior and development. The strange situation test assumes that behaviour has the same meaning in all cultures, when in fact social constructions of behaviour differ therefore, the usefulness of the strange situation in assessing attachment across cultures may be limited by the subjectivity inherent in observation and interpretation of behaviour.
The original method, developed by the influential psychologist mary ainsworth, is the laboratory procedure called the strange situation (ainsworth et al 1978) typically, the strange situation tests how babies or young children respond to the temporary absence of their mothers. In ainsworth's original sample, all six c infants showed so much distress in the course of the episodes of the strange situation procedure 'that observations had to be discontinued'  one percent of infants had responded with high degree of passivity and inactivity in a situation of helpless settings. American developmental psychologist mary ainsworth elaborated on bowlby's work through her own experiments, such as the strange situation protocol, in which she explored anxieties and identified.